Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
Magnesium - Primary Production
Title Author Reference Affiliation
Life Cycle Inventory of Magnesium-Comparison of Steel and Magnesium in a Car Cross Beam G. Deinzer, B. Kiefer, Adam Opel AG, Russelsheim; J.O. Haagensen, H. Westengen, Norsk Hydro Research Centre, Porsgrunn (N) Mordike, BL, Kainer, KU eds (1998) Magnesium Alloys and their Applications, Hamburg, Germany, Werkstoff-informations gesellshaft. Norsk Hydro Research Centre, Porsgrunn (N) & Adam Opel AG, Russelsheim
Magnesium Alloys in New Aeronautical Equipment N. Zeumer, Honsel Guss GmbH, Meschede (D) Mordike, BL, Kainer, KU eds (1998) Magnesium Alloys and their Applications, Hamburg, Germany, Werkstoff-informations gesellshaft. Honsel Guss GmbH, Meschede (D)
Opportunities for Magnesium Alloys in Body Structures D. Brungs, Honsel AG, Meschede (D) Mordike, BL, Kainer, KU eds (1998) Magnesium Alloys and their Applications, Hamburg, Germany, Werkstoff-informations gesellshaft. Meschede (D)
A COMPARISON OF AGING KINETICS BETWEEN A DIE CAST AND A THIXOCAST MAGNESIUM ALLOY E. Cerri, S. Barbagallo, M. Cabibbo and E. Evangelista Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA University of Lecce & University of Ancona Italy
A NOVEL TECHNIQUE TO EVALUATE THE CORROSION BEHAVIOR OF MAGNESIUM ALLOYS B.L. Tiwari and J.J. Bommarito Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA General Motors R&D Center
A NUMERICAL UNDERSTANDING OF VERTICAL MAGNESIUM THERMAL REDUCTION PROCESSES H. Hu, A. Yu and N. Li Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA University of Windsor & Ford Motor Co. Research Lab
ADVANCES IN THIXOMODLING MAGNESIUM (abstract only) S. LeBeau, J. Fulcher, O. Roberto, R. Altham and R. Beals Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Thixomat USA & DaimlerChrysler Corporation USA & Henkel Surface Technologies USA & Keronite Ltd.UK
AN IMPROVED PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MAGNESIUM H. Eklund, P.B. Engseth, B. Langseth, T. Mellerud and O. Wallevik Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Hydro Magnesium,Norway & Norsk Hydro ASA, Research Centre & Hydro Magnesium, Av. Belgium
AQEUOUS CORROSION CHARACTERISTICS OF Mg-4Ni-xAl ALLOYS IN ACID-CHLORIDE SOLUTION Y-S. Choi, J-G. Kim, S.K. Kim and Y-J. Kim Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA SungKyunKwan University, Korea
AUSTRALIAN R&D ON THE PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF MAGNESIUM ALLOYS G. Dunlop Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA CRC for Cast Metals Manufacturing (CAST) Australia
BLENDED MAGNESIUM ALLOYS PRODUCED BY THE THIXOMOLDING® PROCESS T.K. Nandy, J.W. Jones, T.M. Pollock, D.M. Walukas and R.F. Decker Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA University of Michigan, & Thixomat USA
CORROSION AND WEAR RESISTANCE OF ELECTROLESS NICKEL ON MAGNESIUM ALLOYS G.E. Shahin Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Atotech USA Inc.
EMERGING TRENDS IN CORROSION PROTECTION OF MAGNESIUM DIE-CASTINGS J.I. Skar and D. Albright Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Norsk Hydro Research Centre,Noray & Hydro Magnesium,USA
EVALUATION OF A NEW CONCEPT FOR SEMI-SOLID MAGNESIUM BILLET FORMING B.L. Tiwari and R.K. Mishra Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA General Motors R&D Center
HISTORY OF PRIMARY MAGNESIUM SINCE WORLD WAR II B.B. Clow Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA International Magnesium Association, USA
IMPROVED CORROSION PERFORMANCE OF AZ91D MAGNESIUM ALLOY COATED WITH THE KERONITE™ PROCESS S. Shrestha, A. Sturgeon, P. Shashkov and A. Shatrov Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA TWI Ltd, Granta Park, UK & Keronite Ltd, Granta Park,UK
INVESTIGATION OF GRANULATION OF POTASSIUM CHLORIDES AND SPENT-ELECTROLYTE A.V. Tarasov, P.A. Kovgan and E. Fainblum Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA State Research Institute of Non-ferrous Metals "Gintsvetmet" Russia
INVESTIGATION ON DENSITY AND ONSET OF SOLIDIFICATION OF SOME SALT MELT COMPOSITIONS OF KC1-Nac1-MgC12-NaBr SYSTEM AND KC1-NaC1-MgC12-CaC12 SYSTEM I.A. Barannyk and I.M. Komelin Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA State Titanium Research and Design Institute, Ukraine
JOINING OF LIGHT HYBRID CONSTRUCTIONS MADE OF MAGNESIUM AND ALUMINUM ALLOYS A. Ben-Artzy, A. Munitz, G. Kohn, B. Bronfin and A. Shtechman Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Nuclear Research Center-Negev,ISRAEL & Dead Sea Magnesium,ISRAEL & Rotem Industries, ISRAEL
MAGNESIUM DIE CASTING ALLOY DESIGN K. Pettersen, P. Bakke and D. Albright Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Norsk Hydro ASA Light Metals Research Centre,Norway & Magnesium Market Development, Michigan
MAGNESIUM MARKET MODEL SIMULATION: THE IMPACT OF INCREASED AUTOMOTIVE INTEREST IN MAGNESIUM R.J. Urbance, R. Roth and J. Clark Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MICROSTRUCTURE AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FRICTION STIR WELDED AZ31 Mg ALLOY W-B. Lee, Y-M. Yeon, S.K. Kim, Y-J. Kim and S.B. Jung Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Sungkyunkwan Univ. Korea & Suwon Science College, Korea
RAPIDLY SOLIDIFIED POWDER METALLURGY Mg97Zn1Y2 ALLOYS WITH TENSILE YIELD STRENGTH OF 610 Mpa AND ELONGATION OF 5% Y. Kawamura and A. Inoue Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Kumamoto University & Tohoku University Japan
RESEARCH STRATEGY FOR AM60 MAGNESIUM STEERING WHEEL S.K. Kim, H-J. Yoo and Y-J. Kim Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Sungkyunkwan University ,Korea
RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING OF Mg-AM50 AND Mg-Az91D ALLOYS A. Munitz, G. Kohn and C. Cotler Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Nuclear Research Center-Negev,ISRAEL & Rotem Industries, ISRAEL
SEALING METHODS FOR ENHANCED CORROSION PROTECTION OF ANODIZED MAGNESIUM ALLOY WE43A-T6 R.G Rateick, S-J. Xia and V.I. Birss Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Honeywell Engine Systems amp; Services,USA & University of Calgary, Canada
SOLID-OXIDE-OXYGEN-ION-CONDUCTING MEMBRANE (SOM) TECHNOLOGY FOR GREEN SYNTHESIS OF MAGNESIUM FROM ITS OXIDES U.B. Pal, D.E. Woolley, A. Krishnan, T. Keenan C.P. Manning and G.B. Kenney Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Boston University
TENSILE COHERENCY IN SEMI-SOLID AZ91 ALLOY J.F. Grandfield, J.A. Taylor and C.J. Davidson Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA CRC for Cast Metals Manufacturing (CAST) & CSIRO Manufacturing Science & Technology Preston Brisbane Australia & University of Queensland,Australia
THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTY MEASUREMENT OF MAGNESIUM ALLOY: AE42 D. Wang, R.A. Overfelt, Y. Fasoyinu and M. Sahoo Kaplan, HI editor (2002) Magnesium Technology 2002, TMS, Warrendale, PA Auburn University, USA & CANMET/MTL Canada
Magnesium Melt Protection at Magnesium Elektron Using HFC-134a.. P. Lyon, P.D. Rogers, J.F. King, S.P. Cashion and N.J. Ricketts Kaplan, HI editor (2003) Magnesium Technology 2003, TMS, Warrendale, PA File unable to be opened
Melt Protection for the AJ52 Magnesium Strontium Alloy.. D. Argo and M. Lefebvre Kaplan, HI editor (2003) Magnesium Technology 2003, TMS, Warrendale, PA Noranda Inc. — Technology Centre
Effects of Purification Fluxes Containing Borid on AZ91 Alloy H.T. Gao, G.H. Wu, Y. Fan, W.J. Ding and Y.P. Zhu Materials Sci. Forum Vols. 488-489 (June 2005) Shanghai Jiao Tong University CHINA
Diffusion Couple Study of the Mg-Al System C. Brubaker and Z.-K. Liu Luo, AA, editor (2004) Magnesium Technology 2004, TMS, Warrendale, PA The Pennsylvania State University
Effect of Uniaxial Strain on the Surface Roughness of Pure Mg and Mg-AZ31 Alloy M.R. Stoudt, A. Munitz, S.W. Banovic and R.J. Fields Luo, AA, editor (2004) Magnesium Technology 2004, TMS, Warrendale, PA National Institute of Standards and Technology; USA & Nuclear Research Center-Negev; ISRAEL
Fatigue Behavior of Thixomolded® Magnesium AZ91D Using Ultrasonic Techniques A.R. Moore, C.J. Torbet, A. Shyam, J.W. Jones, D.M. Walukas and R.F. Decker Luo, AA, editor (2004) Magnesium Technology 2004, TMS, Warrendale, PA General Motors Research & Development Center,USA & The University of Michigan & Thixomat, Inc.,USA
Fatigue of Die-Cast Magnesium Alloys C. Potzies and K.U. Kainer Luo, AA, editor (2004) Magnesium Technology 2004, TMS, Warrendale, PA GKSS-Research Centre, Geesthacht, Germany
Ignition Resistance of Various Magnesium Alloys J.J. Blandin, E. Grosjean, M. Suery, N.V. Ravi Kumar and N. Mebarki Luo, AA, editor (2004) Magnesium Technology 2004, TMS, Warrendale, PA Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble, France & EADS, Centre Commun de Recherches,France
Influence of Zinc on the Soluble Zirconium Content in Magnesium and the Subsequent Grain Refinement by Zirconium Z. Hildebrand, M. Qian, D. StJohn and M. Frost Luo, AA, editor (2004) Magnesium Technology 2004, TMS, Warrendale, PA The University of Queensland, Australia & CRC for Cast Metals Manufacturing (CAST), Australia & Australian Magnesium Corporation Limited
Metal-Mold Heat Transfer and Solidification of Magnesium Alloys in Belt Casting Processes J.S. Kim, M. Isac and R.I.L. Guthrie Luo, AA, editor (2004) Magnesium Technology 2004, TMS, Warrendale, PA McGill University, Canada
Microstructured Controlled Magnesium Alloys Via Cyclically Repeated Plastic Working K. Kondoh, T. Luangvaranunt, R. Tsuzuki and S. Kamado Luo, AA, editor (2004) Magnesium Technology 2004, TMS, Warrendale, PA RCAST, The University of Tokyo;JAPAN & Chulalongkorn University; THAILAND & Nagaoka University of Technology;JAPAN
Mg2 (OH)3 Cl.2H2 O Chlorination S. Kashani-Nejad and R. Harris Neelameggham, N, Kaplan, HI, and Powell, BR eds (2005) Magnesium Technology 2005 TMS, Warrendale, PA Hatch and Associates, & McGill University Canada
Protecting Liquid Mg by Solid CO2: New Ways to Avoid SF6 and SO2 P. Biedenkopf, A. Karger, M. Laukötter, and W. Schneider Neelameggham, N, Kaplan, HI, and Powell, BR eds (2005) Magnesium Technology 2005 TMS, Warrendale, PA Linde AG — Linde Gas Division; & Universität Hannover; & Laukötter Gusstechnik GmbH; & Audi AG; Germany
Use of CO -Snow for Protecting Molten Magnesium from Oxidation F.-W. Bach, A. Karger, C. Pelz, and M. Schaper Neelameggham, N, Kaplan, HI, and Powell, BR eds (2005) Magnesium Technology 2005 TMS, Warrendale, PA University Hanover,& Linde Gas AG, Germany
Wear Testing of Inert Graphite Anodes for Magnesium Production J. Rubenstein and B. Davis Neelameggham, N, Kaplan, HI, and Powell, BR eds (2005) Magnesium Technology 2005 TMS, Warrendale, PA Queen's University,Canada & Kingston Process Metallurgy Inc.,Canada
A History of Magnesium F. Habashi Pekguleryuz, MO and Mackenzie, LWF, eds. (2006) Magnesium Technology in the Gloal Age 2006, Metallurgical Society of CIM, Montreal Canada. Laval University, Quebec City, Canada
Current Mg Production Technologies. Where Should They Head? R. Harris, S. Kashani-Nejad and K.W. Ng Pekguleryuz, MO and Mackenzie, LWF, eds. (2006) Magnesium Technology in the Gloal Age 2006, Metallurgical Society of CIM, Montreal Canada. McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Magnesium Alloy Production in China: The Quay Magnesium Experience J. Canterford Pekguleryuz, MO and Mackenzie, LWF, eds. (2006) Magnesium Technology in the Gloal Age 2006, Metallurgical Society of CIM, Montreal Canada. Quay Magnesium Limited, Sydney Australia
New Protection Gases with Low Global Warming Potential for Mg Alloy Melt S. Kamado, D. Yamagata, H. Okumura, Y. Kojima, F. Sakyu and Y. Hibino Pekguleryuz, MO and Mackenzie, LWF, eds. (2006) Magnesium Technology in the Gloal Age 2006, Metallurgical Society of CIM, Montreal Canada. Nagaoka University of Technology, Japan
Oxides Formed During the Dehydration of Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate S. Kashani-Nejad and R. Harris Pekguleryuz, MO and Mackenzie, LWF, eds. (2006) Magnesium Technology in the Gloal Age 2006, Metallurgical Society of CIM, Montreal Canada. Hatch, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada
Pilot Plant Demonstration of the Mintek Thermal Magnesium Process M. Abdellatif Pekguleryuz, MO and Mackenzie, LWF, eds. (2006) Magnesium Technology in the Gloal Age 2006, Metallurgical Society of CIM, Montreal Canada. Mintek, Randburg, Rep. of South Africa
Silicothermic Extraction of Magnesium from Dolomite by Induction Heating N.K. Jaber Pekguleryuz, MO and Mackenzie, LWF, eds. (2006) Magnesium Technology in the Gloal Age 2006, Metallurgical Society of CIM, Montreal Canada. Induction Heating Technologies S.A.R.L., Beirut, Lebanon
Thermodynamic Databases for Magnesium alloy Dessign Y.-B Kang, A. Pelton, P. Chartrand, C. Aliravci, P. Spencer and C. Fuerst Pekguleryuz, MO and Mackenzie, LWF, eds. (2006) Magnesium Technology in the Gloal Age 2006, Metallurgical Society of CIM, Montreal Canada. Centre de Recherchen en Calcul Thermochimique, Montreal QC, Canada
Preparation Of Aluminum-magnesium Alloys Starting From Magnesium Oxide Yang S., Gao B., Wang Z., Ban Y., Guo Y., Kan H., Cao X., Qiu Z. Beals, RS, Luo, AA, Neelameggham, NR, Pekguleryuz, MO, eds (2007) Magnesium Technology 2007, Orlando, FL School of Materials and Metallurgy, Northeastern University
The Choice of Bubble Radius in Floatation Refining of Magnesium Alloys Su Z., Xie W., Peng X. Luo A.A., Pan F., Kainer K.U., eds (2008) Materials Research 2008, Chongqing, China. National Engineering Research Center for Magnesium Alloys
Prediction Model of Magnesium Powder Consumption during Hot Metal Pre-Desulfurization D. Zhan, H. Zhang, and Z. Jiang Nyberg E.A., Agnew S.R., Neelameggham N.R., Pekguleryuz M.O., eds (2009) TMS Magnesium Technology 2009, San Francisco, CA Northeastern University, Shenyang, China
Corrosion Resistance of Graphite Anode for Magnesium Electrolyzers B. Li, J. Lou, C. Zhan, J. Yu Agnew S.R., Neelameggham N.R., Nyberg E.A., Sillekens W.H. eds (2010) TMS Magnesium Technology 2010, Seattle, WA East China University of Science and Technology Shanghai, China
Engineering a More Efficient Zirconium Grain Refiner For Magnesium S. Viswanathan, P. Saha, D. Foley, and K. Hartwig Sillekens, WH, Agnew S.R., Neelameggham NR, Mathaudhu, SN, eds (2011) TMS Magnesium Technology 2011, San Diego, CA, USA. The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487
Combination of Cooling Curve and Micro-Chemical Phase Analysis of Rapidly Quenched Magnesium AM60B Alloy P. Marchwica, J. Sokolowski, A. Gesing, J. Jekl, C. Blawert, and R. Berkmortel Mathaudhu, SN, Sillekens, WH, Neelameggham N.R., Hort N, eds (2012) TMS Magnesium Technology 2012, Orlando, FL, USA. University of Windsor
Demonstration of Solar-Pumped Laser-Induced Magnesium Production from Magnesium Oxide Y. Takashi, O. Tomomasa, D. Thanh Hung, K. Hiroki, N. Junichi, and O. Kouta Mathaudhu, SN, Sillekens, WH, Neelameggham N.R., Hort N, eds (2012) TMS Magnesium Technology 2012, Orlando, FL, USA. Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan
Impact of Site Elevation on Mg Smelter Design P. Barker Hort, N, Mathaudhu, SN, Neelameggham NR, Alderman, M, eds (2013) TMS Magnesium Technology 2013, San Antonio, TX, USA. B.E., M.Eng.Sc. Hatch Ltd. 61 Petrie Tce., Brisbane, QLD, Australia
Effect of Physical Properties of Dolomite on Carbothermic Reduction Siya Wang, Yu Wang, Guangyong Bin, Jiang Diao Alderman, M, Manuel, MV, Hort, N, Neelameggham, NR, eds (2014) TMS Magnesium Technology 2014, San Diego, CA, USA. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China
Magnesium electrorefining in non-aqueous electrolyte at room temperature Kyungjung Kwon, Jesik Park, Priyandi Kusumah, Bonita Dilasari, Hansu Kim, and Churl Kyoung Lee Alderman, M, Manuel, MV, Hort, N, Neelameggham, NR, eds (2014) TMS Magnesium Technology 2014, San Diego, CA, USA. Department of Energy & Mineral Resources Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul 143-747, Republic of Korea
Effect of Argon Flow Rate on the Condensation of Magnesium Vapor from Carbothermic Reduction of Magnesia GuangYong Bin, Yu Wang, SiYa Wang, XiaoPing Liang Manuel, MV; Sing, A; Alderman, M, Neelameggaham, NR, eds (2015) TMS Magnesium Technology 2015, Orlando, FL. College of Materials Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China
Study on Compressive Strength of Pellets for the Novel Silicothermic Process Fu Daxue, Guan Lukui, Wen Ming, Dou Zhi-he, Zhang Rui, Zhang Ting-an Manuel, MV; Sing, A; Alderman, M, Neelameggaham, NR, eds (2015) TMS Magnesium Technology 2015, Orlando, FL. School of Materials and Metallurgy of Northeastern University, Key Laboratory of Ecological Untilization of Multi-metal Intergrown Ores of Education Ministry, Shenyang, 110819, China
The Role of Fluorine Solubility in the Protection of Molton Magnesium M. Syvertsen, K. Aarstad, G. Tranell, and T.A. Engh Kainer, KU editor (2006) Magnesium: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Magnesium Alloys and Their Applications, 2006, DGM, Frankfurt, Germany. SINTEF, Trondheim, Norway
Fluxless Refining Technologies of Magnesium Byeong-Deok Lee, Ui-Hyun Beak, Ki-Woo Lee, Gil-Soo Han and Jeong-Whan Han Poole, WJ and Kainer, KU, eds (2012) Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Magnesium Alloy and Their Applications, July 8-12, 2012, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Division of Material Science and Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, KOREA
A Study on Clean Magnesium Production with Pidgeon's Process Xu H., Xie S., Xia D. Proceedings of the 63rd Annual World Magnesium Conference in Beijing (2006) Intl. Magnesium Assoc., Wauconda, IL USA WINCA Materials Technology Co., Ltd.; Beijing General Resaerch Institute for Non-Ferrous Metals; Dept. of Thermal Eng., Univ. of Science and Technology Beijing
Magnesium Product Stewardship Tripp G.T. Proceedings of the 63rd Annual World Magnesium Conference in Beijing (2006) Intl. Magnesium Assoc., Wauconda, IL USA US Magnesium LLC
The modification of Pidgeon process Mg smelting mechanical equipment and technology and deep-processing of magnesium alloy Xu Y. Proceedings of the 63rd Annual World Magnesium Conference in Beijing (2006) Intl. Magnesium Assoc., Wauconda, IL USA State Key Laboratory for Fabrication and Processing of Nonferrous Metals, General Research Institute for Nonferrous Metals
On the Construction of the Safety Standards Architecture in Magnesium and Magnesium Alloy Industry Xiaojuan Y. Proceedings of the 64th Annual World Magnesium Conference in Vancouver (2007) Intl. Magnesium Assoc., Wauconda, IL USA Shenzhen Leadwell Technology Co., Ltd. under China L.K. Groups
Comparative Review of Primary Magnesium Production as Related to Global Climate Change Aghion E., Bartos S. Proceedings of the 65th Annual World Magnesium Conference in Warsaw (2008) Intl. Magnesium Assoc., Wauconda, IL USA Ben-Gurion University of the Negev; U.S. EPA, Climate Change Division

Magnesium R&D Technology